List of Spanish Verbs & More!

List of Spanish Verbs And More

I’m not an expert at anything and there are always things that are very difficult for me to grasp. Language is no exception. But I had so much desire to learn Spanish as a teenager that I spent a lot of time studying Spanish verbs.

I figured the verbs would serve as the biggest challenge. Spanish verbs are the only thing preventing many English speakers from really excelling at Spanish. So I owe you a list of Spanish verbs because Spanish verb lists come in handy. I have included present and past tense.

That’s not the only thing tricky about Spanish!

I don’t mean to say that Spanish is easy in other respects. There are exceptions to rules just like with English, and I know that I make mistakes with Spanish exceptions. I know some exceptions, but I feel like a different exception is presented to me every single time I speak to a native Spanish speaker.

English verbs are only challenging in certain tenses

A lot of non-native speakers of English have a tendency to stay in present tense of English verbs. English verb conjugations, in present and direct past tense, are not really challenging for an English language learner, unless the person struggles with pronunciation. English verbs become more difficult for a person to understand as one starts to navigate into tenses where you say things like this: “I used to want” for “yo quería.”

For the infinitive:

To want – querer

Okay, these verbs are easy to learn:

I want, Yo quiero
You want, Tú quieres

This might be a little bit more difficult:

I used to want, Yo quería
You used to want, Tú querías

Or look at the scenario where you “did not used to want”

I did not used to want Yo no quería.
You did not used to want Tú no querías.

But what about this?

But then think about this, in English you can say “I didn’t used to” and just completely leave off the ending verb, because the verb is already known. That might be a little bit more of a challenge to understand, because there is absolutely no way to do this in Spanish. Spanish actions are typically expressed with just one single word, and the ending of that word indicates its tense.

I have had my experience with various software programs and learning apps, many, if not, all of them, I found extremely helpful. I started studying Spanish when I was fifteen. At the time it was just a hobby.

I would utilize all types of Spanish grammar, Spanish verb workbooks, dictionaries, and children’s Spanish literature. Adult’s Spanish literature is much more challenging for me to understand than children’s literature. The good news is that to be able to learn how to hold a better conversation in Spanish, you really only need to be reading at the children’s level of books.

However, adult’s Spanish literature is interesting, despite its challenges, and it is very poetic as well, so I highly recommend you read it, even if you don’t understand it. You will just have to get used to the fact that you learn something new with every Spanish sentence that is introduced to you (and with every Spanish sentence that is spoken to you as well).

Always seeing something new made me want to get my notebook out and analyze every little thing, but sometimes doing this too much can interfere with the fun of just reading the literature. Of course, if you find it significantly challenging to understand, you might ask a native to explain to you what the book is about, if possible. This might prove helpful in heightening your understanding of what you are reading.

There are some Spanish children’s books that have a bit interesting sentence structure as well. It makes you pause and wonder why it was worded that way. But with children’s books you can simply continue reading the book, and the short sentences will gradually begin to make sense to you. Sometimes it can take you a while to grasp how certain concepts work in Spanish, but they do come to you, they just come to you slowly, so you can’t give up.

I think that it would be helpful then, to look at a good list of common Spanish verbs, because one thing that I will discuss in a future post is how I managed to teach myself the Spanish tenses. Do I conjugate verbs perfectly when I am speaking live? No, not always. Sometimes I make mistakes and sometimes I get confused with haber as a helping verb as well, although I can use it.

Spanish Verb List

Llamar To call
Recoger To pick up
Enseñar To teach
Hablar To speak
Cocinar To cook
Caminar To walk
Correr To run
Doblar To fold
Enviar To send
Ir To go
Estar To be (indicating location)
Ser To be (description)
Saber To know (a concept)
Conocer To know (a person)

Llamar

Yo llamo
Tú llamas
Usted llama
Él llama
Ella llama
Nosotros llamamos
Nosotras llamamos
Ustedes llaman
Ellos llaman
Ellas llaman

Past:

Yo llamé I called
Tú llamaste You called
Usted llamó You (polite) called
Él llamó He called
Ella llamó She called
Nosotros llamamos We called
Nosotras llamamos We (feminine) called
Ustedes llamaron You all called
Ellos llamaron They called
Ellas llamaron They (feminine) called

Recoger:

Yo recojo I pick up
Tú recoges You pick up
Usted recoge You (polite) pick up
Él recoge He picks up
Ella recoge She picks up
Nosotros recogemos We pick up
Nosotras recogemos We (feminine) pick up
Ustedes recogen You all pick up
Ellos recogen They (masculine) pick up
Ellas recogen They (feminine) pick up

Yo recogí I picked up
Tú recogiste You picked up
Usted recogió You (polite) picked up
Él recogió He picked up
Ella recogió She picked up
Nosotros recogimos
Nosotras recogimos
Ustedes recogieron
Ellos recogieron
Ellas recogieron

Enseñar

Yo enseño I teach
Tú enseñas You teach
Usted enseña You (polite) teach
Él enseña He teaches
Ella enseña She teaches
Nosotros enseñamos We teach
Nosotras enseñamos We (feminine ) teach
Ustedes enseñan You all teach
Ellos enseñan They teach
Ellas enseñan They (feminine) teach

Yo enseñé I taught
Tú enseñaste You taught
Usted enseñó You (polite) taught
Él enseñó He taught
Ella enseñó She taught
Nosotros enseñamos We taught
Nosotras enseñamos We (feminine) taught
Ellos enseñaron
Ellas enseñaron
Ustedes enseñaron

Hablar

Yo hablo, I speak
Tú hablas, You speak
Usted habla, You (polite) speak
Él habla, He speaks
Ella habla, She speaks
Nosotros hablamos, we speak
Nosotras hablamos, we (feminine) speak
Ustedes hablaron
Ellos hablaron
Ellas hablaron

Yo hablé, I spoke
Tú hablaste, you spoke
Usted habló, you spoke
Él habló, he spoke
Ella habló, she spoke
Nosotros hablamos
Nosotras hablamos
Ustedes hablaron
Ellos hablaron
Ellas hablaron

Cocinar

Yo cocino, I cook
Tú cocinas, you cook
Usted cocina, you (polite) cook
Él cocina, he cooks
Ella cocina, she cooks
Nosotros cocinamos, We cook
Nosotras cocinamos, We cook
Ustedes cocinan, You all cook

Yo cociné, I cooked
Tú cocinaste, you cooked
Usted cocinó, you (polite) cooked
Él cocinó, he (polite) cooked
Ella cocinó, she (polite) cooked
Nosotros cocinamos, We cooked
Nosotras cocinamos, We (f) cooked
Ustedes cocinaron
Ellos cocinaron
Ellas cocinaron

Caminar

Yo camino, I walk
Tú caminas, You walk
Usted camina, You (polite) walk
Ella camina, She walks
Él camina, He walks
Nosotros caminamos We walk
Nosotras caminamos We walk
Ustedes caminan You walk
Ellos caminan They walk
Ellas caminan They (f) walk

Yo caminé, I walked
Tú caminaste, You walked
Usted caminó, You (polite) walked
Él caminó, He walked
Ella caminó, She walked
Nosotros caminamos, We walked
Nosotras caminamos We (f) walked
Ustedes caminaron, You all walked
Ellos caminaron, They (m) walked
Ellas caminaron, They (f) walked

Correr

Yo corro, I run
Tú corres, You run
Usted corre, You (polite) run
Él corre, He runs
Ella corre, She runs
Nosotros corremos, We run
Nosotras corremos, We run
Ustedes corren You all run
Ellos corren They run
Ellas corren They (f) run

Yo corrí, I ran
Tú corriste, You ran
Usted corrió, You (polite) ran
Él corrió, He ran
Nosotros corrimos, We ran
Nosostras corrimos, We ran
Ustedes corrieron, You all ran
Ellos corrieron, They ran
Ellas corrieron, They (f) ran

Doblar

Yo doblo, I fold
Tú doblas, you fold
Usted dobla, you (polite) fold
Él dobla, he folds
Ella dobla, she folds
Nosotros doblamos, we fold
Nosotras doblamos, we fold
Ustedes doblan, You all of fold
Ellos doblan, They fold
Ellas doblan, They (f) fold

Yo doblé, I folded
Tú doblaste, You folded
Usted dobló, You (polite) folded
Él dobló, He folded
Ella dobló, She folded
Nosotros doblamos, We folded
Nosotras doblamos, We folded
Ustedes doblaron, You all folded
Ellos doblaron, They folded
Ellas doblaron They (f) folded

Enviar

Yo envio, I send
Tú envias, You send
Usted envia, You (polite) send
Él envia, He sends
Ella envia, She sends
Nosotros enviamos, We send
Nosotras enviamos, We send
Ustedes envian, You all send
Ellos envían, They send
Ellas envian, They (f) send

Yo envié, I sent
Tú enviaste, You sent
Usted envió, You (polite) sent
Él envió, He sent
Ella envió, She sent
Nosotros enviamos, We sent
Nosotras enviamos, We (f) sent
Ustedes enviaron, You all sent
Ellos enviaron, They sent
Ellas enviaron, They (f) sent

Ir

Yo voy, I go
Tú vas, You go
Usted va, You (polite) go
Él va, He goes
Ella va, She goes
Nosotros vamos We go
Nosotras vamos, We (f) go
Ustedes van, You all go
Ellos van, They go
Ellas van, They (f) go

Yo fuí, I went
Tú fuiste, You went
Usted fué, You (polite) went
Él fué, He went
Ella fué, She went
Nosotros fuimos We went
Nosotras fuimos We (feminine) went
Ustedes fueron, You all went
Ellos fueron, They went
Ellas fueron, They (f) went

Estar

Yo estoy, I am
Tú estás, You are
Él está, He is
Ella está, She is
Usted está, You (polite) are
Nosotros estamos, We are
Nosotras estamos, We (f) are
Ustedes están, You all are
Ellos están, They are
Ellas están, They (f) are

Yo estuve, I was
Tú estuviste, You were
Él estuvó, He was
Ella estuvó, She was
Usted estuvó, You (polite) were
Nosotros estuvimos, We were
Nosotras estuvimos, We (f) were
Ustedes estuvieron You all were
Ellos estuvieron, They were
Ellas estuvieron, They (f) were

Yo estoy en la cocina. I am in the kitchen.
Ellos están en el sóltano. They are in the basement.

Ser

Yo soy, I am
Tú eres, You are
Usted es, You (polite) are
Él es, He is
Ella es, She is
Nosotros somos We are
Nosotras somos, We (feminine) are
Ustedes son, You all are
Ellos son, They are
Ellas son, They (f) are

Yo fuí, I was
Tú fuiste, You were
Usted fué, You (polite) were
Él fué, He was
Ella fué, She was
Nosotros fuimos, We were
Nosotras fuimos, We (f) were
Ustedes fueron, You all were
Ellos fueron, They were
Ellas fueron, They (f) were

Tú eres guapa. You are pretty

Notice: “Pretty” is a descriptive word, so that is why in this sentence we use a form of “ser” instead of a form of “estar.”

Note: This tense of this verb is not used very commonly. To say “you were” or “I was” you more often use the form of “ser” called era. Yo era (I was), Tú eras (You were).

Saber

Yo sé, I know
Tú sabes, You know
Usted sabe, You (polite) know
Él sabe, He knows
Ella sabe, She knows
Nosotros sabemos, We know
Nosotras sabemos, We (f) know
Ustedes saben
Ellos saben
Ellas saben

Yo supe, I knew
Tú supiste, You knew
Usted supó, You (polite) knew
El supó, He knew
Ella supó, She knew
Nosotros supimos, We knew
Nosotras supimos, We knew
Ustedes supieron, You all knew
Ellos superion, They knew
Ellas superion, They (f) knew

Yo sé que fueron al parque a las once.
I know that they went to the park at eleven.

Conocer

Yo conozco, I know
Tú conoces, You know
Usted conoce, You (polite) know
Él conoce, He knows
Ella conoce, She knows
Nosotros conocemos, We know
Nosotras (f) conocemos, We (f) know
Ustedes conocen, You all know
Ellos conocen, They know
Ellas conocen, They (f) know

Yo conocí, I knew
Tú conociste, You knew
Usted conoció, You (polite) know
El conoció, He knew
Ella conoció, She knew
Nosotros conocimos, We knew
Nosotras, conocimos, We (f) knew
Ustedes conocieron, You all knew
Ellos conocieron, They knew
Ellas conocieron, They (f) knew

Ellos conocen a la hermana de Lily.
They know Lily’s sister.

Note: Since I am saying that they know a person, rather than a concept, I use the verb “conocer” here instead of “saber.”


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1 Comment

  1. I took some beginners Spanish lessons last year before going to South America for 6 weeks. I knew a bit from holidays to Spain but it was good to have some formal lessons as I never had the chance to study it at school.

    The hardest thing was definitely the verbs, especially the irregular ones! I’m still trying to keep my Spanish up by reading books and using the duo lingo app but it’s much easier when you’re thrown in and have to speak it 🙂

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