Practice Makes Perfect!
In this lesson, you will get to practice Spanish verbs and learn spanish verbs that end in ir and er. In addition, you will learn two irregular Spanish verbs, the Spanish verb ir (to go), and the verb saber (to know). So let’s get started.
First, let’s look at some regular verbs. Remember, there are both regular and irregular verbs. The verbs you will learn as follows:
1. Esconder (to hide)
2. Aprender (to learn)
3. Comer (to eat)
4. Leer (to read)
Now, let’s conjugate these verbs so that we can put them in a sentence. Notice that the conjugation is not drastically different than verbs ending in -ar.
Él, ella, usted esconde
Ellos, ellas, ustedes esconden
Él, ella, usted aprende
Ellos, ellas, ustedes aprenden
Él, ella, usted come
Ellos, ellas ustedes comen
Él, ella, usted lee
Ellos, ellas, ustedes leen
Put them in a sentence!
Yo aprendo la lección.
I learn the lesson.
Tú escondes el dinero.
You hide the money.
Nosotros comemos pan cada día.
We eat bread every day.
Ella lee el períodico en el fin de semana.
She reads the newspaper on the weekend.
The best way to practice getting used to these verb endings is by using a verb work book. The best verb book which I recommend is Spanish Verb Tenses and Spanish Verb Drills. These workbooks are thorough and will leave you confident in your ability to conjugate Spanish verbs through memory. This is the book, and the kindle version.
Spanish Regular Ir Verbs
Now, let’s learn some regular -ir verbs. Note: Most -er and -ir verbs are somewhat irregular.
Usted, él, ella escribe
Ustedes, ellos, ellas escriben
Usted, él, ella vive
Ustedes, ellos, ellas viven
Ella vive en la ciudad.
She lives in the city.
He writes numbers.
Él escribe números.
Now, you are going to learn the Spanish verb ir, which means to go. This verb is special because it is very irregular, and it is obviously a very common and important verb.
Quiero ir a la fiesta.
I want to go to the party.
Usted, él, ella va
Ustedes, ellos, ellas van
This is obviously very different than the common conjugation. It will simply be a question of memorization. Remember, utilizing the Spanish Verbs work book will help you to integrate Spanish verbs better into your memory.
Yo voy al banco a las dos.
I go to the bank at two. (Note: this present tense can also be used to indicate what you are going to do, so you can also translate this as, I am going to the bank at two. The context will determine the meaning.)
Ellos van a comer en la casa de su abuela.
Note, this sentence can be translated: They are going to their grandmother’s house to eat.
Finally, Saber! To Know
This is another verb that does not quite follow the usual pattern. Keep in mind, that saber means to know a concept, it is not used when indicated that you know a person. The verb for that is conocer, which we will cover with irregular verbs.
Usted, él, ella sabe
Ustedes, ellos, ellas saben
Yo sé que van a llegar a las dos.
I know that they are going to arrive at two.
Nosotros sabemos que todos van a la fiesta.
We know that everyone is going to the party.
Notice that for the most part, saber follows an expected pattern. But, for the first person, it is yo sé. Spanish first person verbs typically end -o, but in this case, it ends with an é. Other verbs that change on first person are yo voy, for I go, yo soy, for I am (permanent or description), and yo estoy, for I am (temporary or location).
Don’t let the changes in Spanish verbs discourage you. By practicing in a good work book, you will overcome the initial challenge of having to remember the conjugation of every verb in Spanish.
Practice with a friend or a native to make things more interesting, and to keep your memory in tune with the changes.
Since learning Spanish nouns is significantly easier than learning the verbs, you can look up nouns on google any time and try to use them in sentences to help you remember the verb forms better.
Remember, every language has its challenges, and Latin verbs tend to change the most frequently. This happens in each Latin language.
This is why it is important to get the Spanish Verbs work book and the Verb Drills. In little time, you will see your ability to use Spanish verbs become more at ease.
For your homework, select a handful of the verbs you have already learned through the lessons here at Bilingual StoryTime.
Place the subject pronouns on sheets of paper, cut them out, and mix them up. Then, write down all the verb infinitives on separate sheets of paper and cut those out as well.
Try matching up different subject pronouns with different infinitives and stating the correct conjugation for each one. You can practice on as many verbs as you like!
Don’t hesitate to view the Bilingual StoryTime videos which present you with free short stories read online. This will allow you to hear Spanish verbs and sentences in action, making it easier to hear words used in contextual, every day sentences.
If you have any comments, suggestions, or questions, please feel free to leave a comment below. I respond very quickly and am happy to hear from you. You may also message me on my Facebook page.