Saber Vs. Conocer & More

Here is another collection of verbs for you! Is this post I will provide you some Spanish regular present tense verbs and Spanish irregular present tense verbs, the verbs you have learned so far. Then, we will simply keep putting together sentences! You will also learn the differences between saber and conocer. So let’s get started! Remember, you will start to pick up on the patterns that most of the verbs follow.

Spanish to English Sentences with The Verbs Below

1. Hablar – to speak
2. Amar – to love
3. Caminar – to walk
4. Abandonar – to abandon
5. Saltar – to jump
6. Llevar – to carry
7. Dejar – to leave
8. Llegar – to arrive
9. Llamar – to call
10. Encontrar – to find
11. Estar – to be (location or temporary state of being)
12. Acordar – to remember or to agree
13. Negar – to deny
14. Costar – to cost
15. Dar – to give
16. Ser – to be (permanent state, description)
17. Saber – to know (to know a concept)
18. Aprender – to learn
19. Comer – to eat
20. Leer – to read
21. Ir – to go

Quiero hablar con la maestra acerca de mis lecciones.
I want to speak with the teacher about my lessons. (Remember that ‘yo’ can be left off.)

Ella habla con su amigo por teléfono
She speaks with her friend on the phone.

Amamos mucho a nuestro abuelo.
We love our grandpa very much.

Vamos a caminar al parque a las tres.
We are going to walk to the park at three.

Tú caminas más rápido que nosotros.
You (familiar) walk faster than we do.

Usted abandona su trabajo.
You (polite) abandon your work.

Ella salta en la cama.
She jumps in the bed.

Vamos a saltar en la cama.
We are going to jump in the bed.

Nosotras llevamos la comida a la fiesta.
We take the food to the party.

Tú dejas a los niños para que jueguen aqui.
You leave the children so that they can play here.

Llego al trabajo a las nueve de la mañana.
I arrive to work at nine in the morning.

Llamamos a nuestros hijos para saber cómo están.
We call our children to know how they are doing.

Un día vas a encontrar al amor de tu vida.
One day you are going to find the love of your life.

Encontramos dinero en la hucha.
We find money in the piggy bank.

Estoy en el sótano ahorita.
I am in the basement right now.

Te acuerdas de la foto de tu abuelo?
Do you remember your grandpa’s picture?

Niegan que habian recibido el dinero.
They deny that they had received the money.

No cuesta mucho comprar un nuevo reloj.
It does not cost much to buy a new watch.

Te doy toda mi confianza.
I give you all of my confidence.

Ella va a ser una banquera.
She is going to be a banker.

Él es muy inteligente.
He is very intelligent. (ser)

Yo no sé cuándo van a llegar.
I don’t know when they will are going to arrive.

Aprenden que deben pagar las consecuencias.
They learn that they should pay the consequences.

Comes mucho pan pero no comes tus verduras.
You eat lots of bread but you don’t eat your vegetables.

Leemos el periódico cada mañana.
We read the newspaper each morning.

Voy a la biblioteca a usar la computadora.
I’m going to the library to use the computer.

Saber Vs. Conocer

Now, you have seen some more example sentences of the verbs you have learned above. Keep on practicing the conjugation of these verbs with your workbooks and they will start to become second nature.

It is time to look at two verbs that are but only one word in English, but split into two in Spanish. Much like ser and estar, which are only one word in Spanish, ‘to be,’ saber and conocer both mean ‘to know,’ but there is a difference between these two verbs.

Saber means to know a concept. For example, you know that your father will be arriving late. You know how to do calculus. You know that the car costs $5,000. These are all concepts that you can know, which means that in Spanish, when speaking of this kind of knowledge, you must use the word ‘saber.’

On the other hand, knowing a person is entirely different. When you know a person, you use the word ‘conocer.’ Conocer is a somewhat irregular verb. Before conjugating conocer, let’s review how to conjugate saber.

Yo sé
Tú sabes
Usted, él, ella sabe
Nosotros sabemos
Ustedes, ellos, ellas saben

Now, let us conjugate the verb conocer.

Yo conozco
Tú conoces
Usted, él, ella conoce
Nosotros conocemos
Ustedes, ellos, ellas conocen

Notice that on the first person, there is a z before the -co at the end. This is what makes conocer somewhat irregular. For the other personal pronouns, the conjugation remains regular.

Are you noticing a pattern already? Although there are some verbs that have very unique exceptions to the rule, such as yo sé for I know, with the infinitive saber (to know a concept), yo conozco with a z for the infinitive conocer (to know a person), Spanish generally follows a predictable pattern.

This pattern should start to become more and more comfortable for you as you learn more verbs. Try creating sentences of your own with the verbs listed above, and look up more verbs that you can use every day. You will want to learn the present tense very well because soon, you will be navigating to past tense verbs.

Remember, verbs like ser, estar and ir are somewhat rare. Although there are many irregular verbs in Spanish, the vast majority of them are easier to conjugate than the following verbs:

Ser
Estar
Ir
Saber
Conocer

Granted, saber and conocer are not difficult to conjugate at all, you just have to remember that they change upon first person, and that their first person (I/yo) conjugation is quite a bit different than what is to be expected. ‘Ir’ is very irregular, obviously, and so are ser and estar. Let’s review them a bit below!

Ser (To be)

Remember that ‘ser’ means to be when describing a permanent situation.

Yo soy tu mamá.
I am your mother. (And remember, it can also just be written, soy tu mamá without yo, because we already know that soy agrees with yo.)

Tú eres mi amiga.
You are my friend.

Ella es muy baja.
She is very short.

Nosotros somos doctores.
We are doctors.

Ustedes son abogados.
You all are lawyers.

Estoy (To be)

Estoy en la biblioteca.
I am at the library.

Estás lista para la lección.
You are ready for the lesson.

Estamos en el cuárto de atrás.
We are in the back room.

Están caminando a la tienda.
They are walking to the store.

Ir – To Go

Voy al banco.
I’m going to the bank.

Vas a la fiesta.
You are going to the party.

Ellos van al supermercado hoy.
They are going to the supermarket today.

Saber – to know a concept

Sé que van a regresar más tarde.
I know they will be back later.

Sabemos que ustedes no van a jugar al fútbol.
We know that you all are not going to play football.

Conocer – to know a person

Conozco a Luis.
I know Luis.

Ustedes conocen al abogado.
You all know the attorney.

If you have any comments, suggestions, or questions, please feel free to leave a comment below. I respond very quickly and am happy to hear from you. You may also message me on my Facebook page.

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