Spanish Verbs Are Easy Peasy!
In this lesson, you will learn about Spanish present tense verbs, those ending in -ar. You will also learn irregular Spanish verbs present tense. I strongly recommend that you have a good verb workbook like the Practice Makes Perfect Spanish Verb Tenses by Dorothy Richmond.
Spanish -Ar Verbs Regular and Irregular
Spanish verbs have three endings when in their infinitive form, -ar, -ir, and -er. The -ar verbs follow the pattern -o, -as, -a, -amos, and -an.
The major focus of this lesson will be to present you with more -ar verbs than the last lesson so that you can practice conjugating them, and then showing you some irregular -ar verbs.
In addition, I will introduce you to one -er verb “ser” and its counterpart, estar, because they go together as an important lesson.
I like to focus on verbs first because building your vocabulary of nouns will not be difficult and most people know a lot of Spanish nouns anyway.
Your major focus should be primarily on Spanish verbs because this is going to help you speak Spanish faster once you pick up the nouns. Your initial motivation will be spent on the most difficult part of learning the language.
Here are more Spanish -ar verbs that you can practice conjugating, and I will use each one of them in a sentence. If you need more sentences, please feel free to Email Me .
1. Llevar (to take or carry)
Yo me llevo dos tacos al trabajo cada día.
I take two tacos to work every day.
2. Dejar (to leave)
Ella deja su trabajo cuándo se cansa.
She leaves her work when she gets tired.
3. Llegar (to arrive)
Usted llega cada día a las dos.
You (formal, polite) arrive every day at two.
4. Llamar (to call)
Llamamos al doctor el miercoles.
We call the doctor on Wednesday.
Still confused on what an infinitive is? Here are translations of the Spanish infinitives used in sentences.
I want to take two tacos to work every day.
Quiero llevar dos tacos al trabajo cada día.
She wants to leave the money here.
Ella quiere dejar el dinero aqui.
We intend to arrive at 5:30
Nosotros intentamos llegar a las 5 (cinco) y media.
They have to call the doctor tomorrow morning.
Mañana ellos tienen que llamar al doctor.
Now you will learn some Spanish -ar verbs that are considered irregular. You don’t necessarily need to memorize these right now, but it is important to note that there are irregular verbs that don’t follow the exact same spelling and pronunciation.
1. Encontrar – to find
2. Estar – to be (when indicating location)
3. Acordar – to remember or to agree
4. Negar – to deny
5. Costar – to cost
6. Dar – to give
Here is the present tense conjugation pattern for each of these verbs:
1. (yo) Encuentro, (tú) Encuentras, (él, ella, usted) Encuentra, (nosotros, nosotras) Econtramos, (ellos, ellas, ustedes) Encuentran
2. Estoy, Estás, Está, Estamos, Están
3. Acuerdo, Acuerdas, Acuerda, acordamos, acuerdan
4. Niego, Niegas, Niega, Negamos, Niegan
5. Cuesto, Cuestas, Cuesta, Costamos, Cuestan
6. Doy, Das, Da, Damos, Dan
Understanding Estar and Ser
In Spanish, there are two words that express the English infinitive “to be.” They are Ser and Estar. In English, we use the same word and conjugation to express two different ideas, and this is our most irregular verb.
In Spanish, ser is translated as “to be” when describing a person. Estar is translated as “to be” when indicating a location. So when I say that we use the same word “to be” in English, what I mean is this:
If I say, “she wants to be tall.” Think about this sentence. “Tall” is a description of a person. So to translate this to Spanish, I need to use the verb ser.
Ella quiere ser alta.
She wants to be tall.
If I say, “she wants to be in the kitchen.” Now, think about this sentence. I am indicating where she wants to be, her location.
Ella quiere estar en la cocina.
She wants to be in the kitchen.
Now, for the Spanish conjugation. First, let’s look at how English conjugates this verb.
To be in English is conjugated in a very irregular way:
English Spanish description Spanish location
I am Yo soy Yo estoy
You are Tú eres Tú estas
He is Él es Él está
She is Ella es Ella está
We are Nosotros somos Nosotros estamos
They are, Ellos son, ustedes son Ellos están, ustedes están
You all are
Now let’s look at some sentences:
You are pretty.
Tú eres guapa. Notice that I use “eres” because I am describing the person.
He is in the bathroom.
Él está en el baño. Notice that I use “está” because I am indicating his location.
If you would like some good verb drills, check out this excellent book, the kindle version is to the right:
Familiarizing yourself with all of these verbs takes practice. Having your repertoire of practice books such as the ones shown above will help you a lot.
Spend time each day practicing Spanish verbs. It is better to practice a little bit consistently each day or a few times a week than to go long periods of time without studying at all, and then overdoing it.
You are welcome to ask me questions any time and to provide feedback to me that can help me serve you better. So don’t be shy! But please, help yourself by getting the workbooks.
They helped me a lot, so they can help you too! These workbooks provide the perfect curriculum to help you learn Spanish verbs. You can even make copies of lessons to help you review stuff you have already done.
If you have any comments, suggestions, or questions, please feel free to leave a comment below. I respond very quickly and am happy to hear from you. You may also message me on my Facebook page.